Cytotoxic and Apoptotic Activity on Mcf7 Cell from Ethanolic Extract of Trigonella foenum-graecum L., Aglaia elliptica Blume. and Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

Kurnia Agustini, Churiyah Churiyah, Agung Eru Wibowo


Indonesian medicinal herbs have so many biological activity, including anticancer activity. This assay aims to evaluate three Indonesian medicinal plants (Trigonella foenum-graecum L. (TFG), Aglaia elliptica Blume. (AE) and Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (FV)) which have potency in anticancer activity. The experiment was done by MTT assay to observe the cytotoxicity activity on breast cancer cell lines MCF7.  Apoptotic potency was evaluated based on % population of MCF7 cell in subG0/G1 phase.  The results showed that IC50 from ethanolic extract of TFG was 241.24 ppm, ethanolic extract of AE was 19.442 ppm and  ethanolic extract of FV was 69.41 ppm.  Apoptotic potency for TFG was 6.46%,  AE was 11.94% and for FV was 8.73%. Thus, it is concluded that ethanolic extract of AE gives the lowest IC50 and the higher potency of apoptotic by significantly (p<0.05) increase % population of cells in subG0/G1 phase on 100ppm concentration.

Keywords :  Trigonella foenum-graecum L., Aglaia elliptica Blume. and Foeniculum vulgare Mill., MCF-7, Apoptotic, Cytotoxic

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